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Pivotal Moments in American History

Unconditional

The Japanese Surrender in World War II

Marc Gallicchio

Unconditional

Pivotal Moments in American History

Unconditional

The Japanese Surrender in World War II

Pivotal Moments in American History: Unconditional

 

Publishing on 75th anniversary of the Japanese surrender in September 1945, Unconditional not only offers a narrative of the Japanese surrender in its historical moment, but reveals how the policy underlying it poisoned American postwar politics and warped our understanding of World War II for decades.


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Beschrijving Pivotal Moments in American History: Unconditional

Signed on September 2, 1945 aboard the American battleship USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay by Japanese and Allied leaders, the instrument of surrender formally ended the war in the Pacific and brought to a close one of the most cataclysmic engagements in history, one that had cost the lives of millions. VJ—Victory over Japan—Day had taken place two weeks or so earlier, in the wake of the dropping of the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the entrance of
the Soviet Union into the war. In the end, the surrender itself fulfilled the commitment that Franklin Roosevelt had made that it be "unconditional," as had been the case with Nazi Germany in May, 1945. Though readily accepted as war policy at the time, after Roosevelt's death in April 1945, popular support
for unconditional surrender wavered, particularly when the bloody campaigns on Iwo Jima and Okinawa made clear the cost of military victory against Japan. The ending of the war in Europe spurred calls in Congress, particularly among anti-New Deal Republicans, to shift the American economy to peacetime and bring home troops. Even after the atomic bombs had been dropped, Japan continued to seek a negotiated surrender, further complicating the debate. Though this was the last time Americans would
impose surrender unconditionally, questions surrounding it continued at home through the 1950s and 1960s, when liberal and conservative views reversed, and particularly in Vietnam and the definition of "peace with honor." It remained controversial through the ceremonies surrounding the 50th
anniversary and the Gulf War, when the subject revived.

In Unconditional, which publishes in time for the 75th anniversary of the surrender, Bancroft Prize co-winner Marc Gallicchio offers a narrative of the surrender in its historical moment, revealing how and why the event unfolded as it did and the principle figures behind it, including George C. Marshall and Douglas MacArthur, who would effectively become the leader of Japan during the American occupation. It also reveals how the policy underlying it remained controversial at the time
and in the decades following, shaping our understanding of World War II.


ISBN
9780190091101
Pagina's
320
Verschenen
Serie
Pivotal Moments in American History
NUR
680
Druk
1
Uitvoering
Hardback
Taal
Engels
Uitgever
OUP USA

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