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An African American Dilemma

A History of School Integration and Civil Rights in the North

Zoë Burkholder

An African American Dilemma

An African American Dilemma

A History of School Integration and Civil Rights in the North

An African American Dilemma

 

Presenting a revealing historical perspective on today's charged schooling choices, An African American Dilemma illuminates the tensions between school integration and separation that have shaped the long history of black struggles for equal education and civil rights in the North.


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Beschrijving An African American Dilemma

An African American Dilemma offers the first social history of northern Black debates over school integration versus separation from the 1840s to the present.

Since Brown v. Board of Education in 1954 Americans have viewed school integration as a central tenet of the Black civil rights movement. Yet, school integration was not the only—or even always the dominant—civil rights strategy. At times, African Americans also fought for separate, Black controlled schools dedicated to racial uplift and community empowerment.

An African American Dilemma offers a social history of these debates within northern Black communities from the 1840s to the present. Drawing on sources including the Black press, school board records, social science studies, the papers of civil rights activists, and court cases, it reveals that northern Black communities, urban and suburban, vacillated between a preference for either school integration or separation during specific eras. Yet, there was never a consensus. It also
highlights the chorus of dissent, debate, and counter-narratives that pushed families to consider a fuller range of educational reforms.

A sweeping historical analysis that covers the entire history of public education in the North, this work complicates our understanding of school integration by highlighting the diverse perspectives of Black students, parents, teachers, and community leaders all committed to improving public education. It finds that Black school integrationists and separatists have worked together in a dynamic tension that fueled effective strategies for educational reform and the Black civil rights movement, a
discussion that continues to be highly charged in present-day schooling choices.


ISBN
9780190605131
Pagina's
320
Verschijnt
NUR
680
Druk
1
Uitvoering
Hardback
Taal
Engels
Uitgever
OUP USA

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