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Sweet Fuel

A Political and Environmental History of Brazilian Ethanol

Jennifer Eaglin

Sweet Fuel

Sweet Fuel

A Political and Environmental History of Brazilian Ethanol

Sweet Fuel

 

Sweet Fuel traces the Brazilian industry's growth from the 1930s to the 2000s. The book examines the political investment and associated environmental and social costs that transformed Brazilian ethanol into a unique solution to the energy crisis of the 1970s and later a global solution to the climate crisis of the twenty-first century.


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Beschrijving Sweet Fuel

As the hazards of carbon emissions increase and governments around the world seek to reduce reliance on fossil fuels, the search for clean and affordable alternate energies has become an increasing priority in the twenty-first century. However, one nation has already been producing such a fuel for almost a century: Brazil. Its sugarcane-based ethanol is the most efficient biofuel on the global fuel market, and the South American nation is the largest biofuel
exporter in the world.

Sweet Fuel offers the first full historical account of the industry's origins. The Brazilian government mandated a mixture of ethanol in the national fuel supply in the 1930s, and the success of the program led the military dictatorship to expand the industry and create the national program ProƔlcool in 1975. Private businessmen, politicians, and national and international automobile manufacturers together leveraged national interests to support this program. By 1985, over 95%
of all new cars in the country ran exclusively on ethanol, and, after consumers turned away from them when oil was cheap, the government successfully promoted flex fuel cars instead. Yet, as Jennifer Eaglin shows, the industry's growth came with associated environmental and social costs in the form of water
pollution from liquid waste generated during ethanol distillation and exploitative rural labor practices that reshaped Brazil's countryside.

By examining the shifting perceptions of the industry from a sugar byproduct to a national energy solution to a global clean energy option, Sweet Fuel ultimately reveals deeper truths about what a global large-scale transition away from fossil fuels might look like and challenges idealized views of green industries.


ISBN
9780197510681
Pagina's
240
Verschenen
NUR
780
Druk
1
Uitvoering
Hardback
Taal
Engels
Uitgever
OUP USA

Economie en bedrijf