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Cases Without Controversies

Uncontested Adjudication in Article III Courts

James E. Pfander

Cases Without Controversies

Cases Without Controversies

Uncontested Adjudication in Article III Courts

Cases Without Controversies

 

As it interprets the U.S. Constitution, the Supreme Court defines the rights of individuals and referees disputes between the branches of government. For many years, the Court has limited access to those claimants who satisfy a shifting and sometimes amorphous case-or-controversy requirement.


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Beschrijving Cases Without Controversies

This book offers a new account of the power of federal courts in the United States to hear and determine uncontested applications to assert or register a claim of right. Familiar to lawyers in civil law countries as forms of voluntary or non-contentious jurisdiction, these uncontested applications fit uneasily with the commitment to adversary legalism in the United States. Indeed, modern accounts of federal judicial power often urge that the language of the Article
III of the U.S. Constitution limits federal courts to the adjudication of concrete disputes between adverse parties, thereby ruling out all forms of non-contentious jurisdiction. Said to rest on the so-called “case-or-controversy” requirement of Article III, this requirement of party contestation
threatens the power of federal courts to conduct a range of familiar proceedings, such as the oversight of bankruptcy proceedings, the issuance of warrants, and the adjudication of applications for mandamus and habeas corpus relief. By recounting the tradition of naturalization and other uncontested litigation in antebellum America and coupling that tradition with an account of the important difference between cases and controversies, this book challenges the prevailing understanding of
Article III. In addition to defending the power of federal courts to hear uncontested matters of federal law, the book examines the way the Constitution's meaning has changed over time and suggests a constructive interpretive methodology that would allow the Supreme Court to take account of the old and
the new in defining the contours of federal judicial power.


ISBN
9780197571408
Pagina's
272
Verschenen
NUR
754
Druk
1
Uitvoering
Hardback
Taal
Engels
Uitgever
OUP USA

Politicologie